Historical monuments in Morocco
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historical monuments in morocco and architecture
Enjoy The Historical Monuments in Morocco. The Kingdom of Morocco enjoys multiple advantages that make it one of the main tourist attractions in North Africa and the Arab region as a whole, and according to the statistics of the World Tourism Organization, it was at the top of tourist destinations in 2017.
In addition to the wonderful and moderate weather most of the year, the Kingdom of Morocco has ancient tourist sites that attract the attention of its visitors without others, which we will focus on in this article Historical Monuments in Morocco.
The following are the most famous ancient tourist places in Morocco:
Table of Contents
historical monuments in marrakech
Marrakech is one of Morocco’s most fascinating places to visit. It is the fourth largest city. Known as the red city and the pearl of the Moroccan south.
It was a particular imperial capital of a vast empire during the reign of Almoravids that covered most of the “Grand Maghreb” and extended well into Europe. It was the protector of the Islamic civilization in that part of the world and a celebrated intellectual and commercial center.
Visiting the city means visiting a particular place rich in monuments of varied cultures from different ages. The successive sovereignties left an extraordinary religious and historical heritage: the majestic defensive walls with nine amazing gates, as well as uncountable memorials and monuments, Kasbas, palaces, roads…apart from this city benefits from a natural variety.
It is situated at the crossroads of the Sahara and framed by the snow-peaked Atlas Mountains.
This is the wonder of many travelers founded in 1062 while maintaining its charm and irresistible attraction. If you have time It is worth staying for several days.
The Bahia Palace Monument
The Bahia Palace, located in Marrakesh, whose construction dates back to the era of the Alawite state of Minister Ahmed bin Musa during the reign of Sultan Abdul Aziz, head of state affairs at the time, nicknamed “Ba Hammad”, where the latter brought the most skilled craftsmen and craftsmen to work in the palace for six consecutive years, except Inevitable fate prevented him from seeing the palace when he passed away in 1890 and the work is not over yet. It is one of the most famous Morocco historical monuments in Marrakesh.
It is the largest mosque in Morocco, built-in 1150 and a height of 65 meters, and to this day it remains a religious center of worship.
The Koutoubia Mosque historical monuments
It is the largest mosque in Morocco, built-in 1150 and a height of 65 meters, and to this day it remains a religious center of worship. The Koutoubia Mosque is one of the Islamic monuments firmly in the history of Morocco. Koutoubia Mosque is in the middle of Marrakesh, near Jemaa El Fna Square.
The name of the mosque is derived from “the Ketbiyen”, which is the name of a bookstore that was believed to be near mosques.
The Koutoubia Mosque is one of the most important mosques in Morocco. It has exceptional large dimensions, occupies 5300 square meters and consists of 17 wings and 11 domes with relief space. In it the majestic decisions of the sultans and major events took place. The mosque and its minaret, decorated in its upper parts with a ceramic frieze painted in turquoise, became a symbol of the city. The great Koutoubia platform, it is equipped with an automatic movement system that is considered one of the masterpieces of the Islamic art of carpentry. This pulpit was made in Córdoba at the beginning of the twelfth century at the request of the Murabati Ali ibn Yusuf ibn Tashfin for the mosque that he finished building in Marrakesh. Transferring the pulpit to the Koutoubia around the year 1150
The Historical Jamaa El Fna Square in Morocco
Jemaa El Fna: is a place in Marrakech beside the Koutoubia mosque. This high place always attracts a million visitors to attend performances hosted by snake charmers. monkey trainers, storytellers, musicians and other popular artists. “The cultural space of Jemaa el-Fna” was included by UNESCO in 2001 as an immaterial cultural heritage of humanity. Jamaa El Fna Square is one of the historical landmarks in morocco.
Menara Garden: is a large garden planted with olive trees about a 45-minute walk from the Jamaa El Fna. At the heart of this garden, a large basin at the foot of a pavilion serves as a reservoir of water to irrigate crops. It is a very peaceful place, away from the bustle of the city. It is, therefore, an ideal place for walking.
Saadian Tombs: Dates from the time of the great sultan Ahmad al-Mansur Saadi (1578-1603). These tombs were not discovered until about 1917, then restored by the Department of Fine Arts. They are constantly since then to impress visitors with the beauty of their decoration. and it’s one of Morocco Historical Monuments
Madrasa Ben Youssef
Madrasa Ben Youssef: is a gem of Moorish architecture. The current structure of the Koranic school was built in 1570 by Saadian and restored in 1950. It is the work of Sultan Ghalib Al Saadian Abdellah which finished construction in 1564-1565.
Dar Si Said Museum
Dar Si Said Museum: located in Marrakech, is dedicated to Moroccan craft wood. and it’s an amazing Historical Monument in Morocco. Formerly a mansion built in the late nineteenth century by Si Said, brother of Ahmed Ba, Moulay Abdelaziz Grand Vizier of the Sultan Moulay Hassan. Dar Si Said museum was built in 1932.
historical monuments in morocco casablanca
Casablanca is the business capital of Morocco, located on the Atlantic Ocean. It is a common starting point for visitors flying into the country. It is the largest city with a population of 4 million. It is the cosmopolitan, commercial, and economic center of Morocco.
The town was colonized by the Berbers at least during the seventh century. The area was then named Anfa.
In the fourteenth century, under the Marinids, Anfa became an important harbor. In the early 15th century, the town became an independent state and emerged as a safe harbor for pirates and privateers, leading to it being targeted by the Portuguese, who destroyed the town in 1468.
The Portuguese used Anfa’s vestiges to build a military fortress in 1515. The town that sprang up around was called “Casa Blanca”, meaning “White House” in Portuguese.
Between 1580-1640, The city was part of Spain, and later it became part of Portugal again. The European Colonists eventually abandoned the area completely in 1755 following an earthquake that destroyed most of the town.
The town was finally rebuilt by Sultan Muhammad bin Abdallah (1756-1790). the grandson of Mulay Ismail and ally of George Washington with the help of the Spanish emporium nearby. The town was called ad-Dār al-Bayḍāʼ (translation in Arabic of the original Spanish Casa Blanca which means white house).
The city is worth spending a day seeing its historical Medina and the contemporary Hassan II Mosque, towering majestically from sea to sky or spending an evening of hot music at one or other of its top-class nightclubs.
Hassan II Mosque Morocco Historical Monument
Hassan II Mosque The mosque is located on the coast of Casablanca, Morocco, it is the largest mosque in the country, the second mosque in Africa, and the thirteenth in the world, the Andalusian minaret, floor 210 meters (689 feet), which is the second-highest religious building in the world.
It began to be built in 1987 AD, and its construction was published on the night of the Prophet’s birthday on Rabi` al-Awwal 11, 1414 AH / August 30, 1993, during the reign of Hassan II reign of Morocco. this is the reason why made Hassan II Mosque to be one of Historical Monuments in Morocco
The problem of children is formed, this verse forms in the mosque, culturally integrated, and built on the sea with an area of 9 hectares (acres), the ablution hall, the bathroom, the Quranic library, the library, and a museum. In addition to cladding with “zellij” or colored ceramic mosaic decoration on the columns, walls, and the sides and edges of the minaret, the carving on cedarwood, which binds the plate, and the colorful carved plasterwork in the cornices and cornices.
The prayer hall, with an area of 20,000 square meters, can accommodate 25,000 worshipers in addition to 80,000 worshipers in the courtyard. The mosque has modern technologies, the horizontal surface (it opens and closes automatically) and the laser beams have a range of 30 km in the direction of Makkah.
The construction of the project of the Moroccan Foundation Bimaro began
Medina: Much less ancient, and far less extensive than its cousins of Moroccan cities, is located near the train station, the harbor, and the Hassan II Mosque.
Casa Art Deco
Casa Art Deco: The Moorish style and art deco dominate the city center of Casablanca, including urban planning was designed by the French in the 30s, giving the city, in addition to building highly aesthetic, architectural coherence to all Remarkably, that certainly deserves a walk.
The Habous: Also called “new town”, the Endowments are a medina built at the same time by the French. In appearance very neat, neighborhood based, is far from the bustle of traditional Moroccan medina.
historical monuments in fes
Fes is a town lost in time, surrounded by mysteries. It is unique, incomparable. It is the most ancient of the imperial capitals of Morocco. Labeled as the cultural and spiritual capital and this is due to the fact that it is considered Morocco’s first religious city by virtue of its Islamic traditions. Famous by Alquarawiyine University – The oldest in the world-, the traditional Medersas, the burial of its founder, its fabulous gates, its 10,000 narrow alleys, the Mellah( Jews quarter) and the Kessaria (the commercial center), and innumerable Historical monuments in Morocco; which makes of this holy city one of the world’s great architectural treasures. It does not reveal its secrets easily, it invites you to discover all its wonders gradually it has to offer. Certainly, you will be tempted by all its traditions.
It is beautiful, the beauty of lost Andalusia…It is wisdom, the wisdom of the ancient Arabs…It is history because it seems to exist suspended in time somewhere between the middle age and modern times…It is simply life, life in all contradictions because the three parts of it live in peace and integrity. It maintains in its memory major testimony of the human spirit…
Al Quaraouiyine is a Moroccan university located in Fes. According to tradition, its construction began in 859 under the reign of the dynasty Idrisid. It is considered to be the world’s oldest still-operating university.
Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque, or Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque, is a mosque in the Moroccan city of Fez, built in the year 245 AH / 859 CE, built by Fatima Al-Fihri, where she donated everything she inherited to build the mosque.
The people of Medina and its rulers were expanding and restoring the mosque and carrying out its affairs.
The Zinati princes, with the help of the Umayyads of Andalusia, added about 3 thousand square meters to the mosque, and after them, the Almoravids carried out another expansion.
The mosque was called al-Qarawiyyin, in relation to Kairouan, the city of Fatima al-Fihri.
The Batha Museum
The Batha Museum was a palace built in the reign of Moulay Hassan 1st (1873-1894) and Moulay Abdelaziz (1894-1908) in Fez, it was converted into a museum in 1915.
Madrasa Bou Inania
Madrasa Bou Inania is a madrasa built between 1350 and 1355. The madrasa was working as a school and as a mosque on Friday. This madrasa is open to non-Muslims.
The Mosque of the Andalusians
The Mosque of the Andalusians is a former Muslim place of worship and historic site. It owes its name to the refugee families of Andalusia, chased by the Umayyads of Cordoba.
The Borj Nord
The Borj Nord was built in 1582 by order of Sultan Ahmed al-Mansur Saadian in the north of Fez el Bali. His plan is inspired by the architecture of sixteenth-century Portuguese forts. It was one of the largest monitoring stations in the city. It was also one of the largest barrel factories in the world. Outside the Borj Nord has also been built a place of prayer where Muslims come to pray during the Eid days.
rabat historical monuments
The capital of Morocco Rabat is the fourth imperial city. It is the symbol of the splendor and greatness of a popular monarchy. A town with a special structure elegantly connecting antique traditions with modern culture. Settled in the 7thC B.C, explored by Phoenicians, occupied by Carthaginians and Romans, converted by Muslim Arabs in the 12th, and witnessed its golden time under the rule of Almohade, declared administrative capital of the French protectorate in 1912 and continues to be the political capital of Morocco after independence.
Hence one can easily understand the secret behind the infinite variety of the city. The capital tells its rich and eventful story through the remaining traces enclosed in the ancient prodigious walls, in the ancient Medina, in the 17th Kasbah of Oudaia, within the ruins of that large unfinished mosque with its magnificent tower standing proudly in the heart of the city and finally within the countless aging building bracing a profound meaning of Morocco majestic history.
The city is also a modern city that has beautiful Atlantic beaches, conservative avenues, modern markets, sumptuous lush gardens, and several important museums containing a treasure of fine artwork.